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Gerald Clery Murphy and Sara Sherman Wiborg were wealthy, expatriate Americans who moved to the French Riviera in the early 20th century and who, with their generous hospitality and flair for parties, ...
Education: Yale University
Lived: 50 West 11th Street, New York City
Wiborg Beach, Hwy Behind the Pond, East Hampton, NY 11937, USA (40.94874, -72.17874)
Villa America, 112 Chemin des Mougins, 06160 Antibes, France (43.55932, 7.12715)
23 Quai des Grands Augustins, 75006 Paris, France (48.85427, 2.34317)
Buried: South End Cemetery, East Hampton, Suffolk County, New York, USA
Find A Grave Memorial# 20643895

Gerald Clery Murphy and Sara Sherman Wiborg were wealthy, expatriate Americans who moved to the French Riviera in the early 20th century and who, with their generous hospitality and flair for parties, created a vibrant social circle, particularly in the 1920s, that included a great number of artists and writers of the Lost Generation. Gerald had a brief but significant career as a painter. Gerald Murphy was born in Boston to the family that owned the Mark Cross Company, sellers of fine leather goods. He failed the entrance exams at Yale three times before matriculating, although he performed respectably there. He joined DKE and the Skull and Bones society. He befriended a young freshman named Cole Porter (Yale class of 1913) and brought him into DKE. Sara Sherman Wiborg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, into the wealthy Wiborg family, owners of the printing ink and varnish company Frank Bestow Wiborg. In East Hampton Sara Wiborg and Gerald Murphy met when they were both adolescents. Gerald was five years younger than Sara was, and for many years they were more familiar companions than romantically attached; they became engaged in 1915, when Sara was 32 years old. Gerald's primary orientation was homosexual; but Sara had always been the most important thing in his life. Gerald died in 1964 in East Hampton, two days after his friend Cole Porter.

Together from 1915 to 1964: 49 years.
Gerald Clery Murphy (March 25, 1888 – October 17, 1964)
Sara Sherman Wiborg (November 7, 1883 – October 10, 1975)

Days of Love: Celebrating LGBT History One Story at a Time
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School: Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

Address: New Haven, CT 06520 (41.31632, -72.92234)
Phone: +1 203-432-4771
Website: www.yale.edu

Place
Founded in 1701 in Saybrook Colony as the Collegiate School, the University is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. The school was renamed Yale College in 1718 in recognition of a gift from Elihu Yale, who was governor of the British East India Company. Established to train Congregationalist ministers in theology and sacred languages, by 1777 the school's curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences. In the XIX century the school incorporated graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first Ph.D. in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887. Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior secret society at Yale University. It is the oldest senior class landed society at Yale. The society's alumni organization, the Russell Trust Association, owns the society's real estate and oversees the organization. The society is known informally as "Bones", and members are known as "Bonesmen". Hendrick Hall at Yale University (165 Elm St., New Haven, CT) housed a variety of LGBTQ organizations in the late 1970s: Yalesbians, the New Haven Gay Alliance, the New Haven Gay Coffeehouse, and the New Haven Gay Switchboard.

Notable Queer Alumni and Faculty at Yale University:
• Lucius Beebe (1902-1966) attended both Harvard University and Yale University, where he contributed to campus humor magazine The Yale Record.
• John Boswell (1947-1994), prominent historian and professor.
• Russell Cheney (1881-1945) graduated in 1904, member of the Skull and Bones.
• Anderson Cooper (born 1967), resided in Trumbull College, inducted into the Manuscript Society, majoring in political science and graduated with a B.A. in 1989.
• Tom Dolby (born 1975) graduated from The Hotchkiss School in 1994 and Yale University.
• Rick Elice (born 1956) earned a BA from Cornell University, an MFA from the Yale Drama School and is a Teaching Fellow at Harvard. He was the salutatorian graduate of Francis Lewis High School in Queens, New York (class of 1973).
• John Safford Fiske (1838-1907), graduated in 1863. He was nominated by President Andrew Johnson U. S. consul in Leith, Scotland, in 1868. While abroad he fell deeply in love with Thomas Ernest Boulton aka “Stella”. Fiske’s steamy letters to Stella became evidence at the Boulton and Park trial. Fiske was acquitted along with Boulton and Park, but his diplomatic career was ruined. He resigned his post, traveled to Constantinople, Germany, and France, rented a house near Paris with an English friend, and in 1882 moved permanently to Alassio. Late in life he lectured at Hobart College, was rewarded with an honorary degree, and left the college his library of 4,000 books.
• James Whitney Fosburgh (1910-1978)
• Henry Geldzahler (1935-1994) graduated in 1957, member of Manuscript Society
• John Glines (born 1933) graduated from Yale in 1955 with a BA in drama.
• Leonard C. Hanna, Jr (1889-1957), a philanthropist who, after graduation from Yale, he worked in the iron and steel industry to gain experience.
• Roger Dennis Hansen (1936-1991), “Denny”, was tops in his class, magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, a varsity swimmer, Rhodes scholar and a member of the best clubs and societies. His classmates believed he would be elected president of the United States. He was found dead at the home of a friend in Rehoboth Beach. Hansen took his life by inhaling carbon monoxide from his car.
• Lord Nicholas Hervey (1961–1998) took a degree in the History of Art and studied Economics in depth. In 1981 he founded the Rockingham Club, a Yale social club for descendants of royalty and aristocracy, which was later modified to allow membership to the children of the "super-wealthy". The Club and Nicholas Hervey were profiled in Andy Warhol's Interview magazine but was dissolved shortly thereafter in 1986. Nicholas' older half-brother John was posthumously reported to be a friend of Andy Warhol.
• Richard Isay (1934–2012), Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry 1962-1965.
• Todd Longstaffe-Gowan (born 1960) carried out post-doctoral research at Yale University, the Getty Center in Los Angeles, and the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. Since entering private practice in 1990 Longstaffe-Gowan has advised on a number of public and private historic landscapes. He has developed and implemented long-term landscape management plans for the National Trust, English Heritage and a wide range of private owners in the UK and abroad. He has similarly had extensive input in the conservation and redevelopment of a variety of historic landscapes including The Tower of London, Hampton Court Palace, Kensington Palace Gardens and The Crown Estate (Central London).
• George Platt Lynes (1907–1955) was sent to Paris in 1925 with the idea of better preparing him for college. His life was forever changed by the circle of friends that he would meet there including Gertrude Stein, Glenway Wescott, Monroe Wheeler. He attended Yale University in 1926, but dropped out after a year to move to New York City.
• F. O. Matthiessen (1902-1950), graduated in 1923, managing editor of the Yale Daily News, editor of the Yale Literary Magazine and member of Skull and Bones
• James McCourt (born 1941) has been with his life partner, novelist Vincent Virga (born 1942), since 1964 after they met as graduate students in the Yale School of Drama. McCourt's and Virga's papers are held at Yale's Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
• Paul Monette (1945-1995) graduated in 1967
• Gerald Clery Murphy (1888–1964) failed the entrance exams three times before matriculating. He joined DKE and the Skull and Bones society.
• Richard Thomas Nolan (born 1937) received his master's in Religion from the Yale University Divinity School in 1967; during his studies, he was also an instructor in math and religion, and associate chaplain at the Cheshire Academy from 1965 to 1967.
• Jamie Pedersen (born 1968) graduated summa cum laude in American Studies from Yale and received his law degree from Yale Law School. Pedersen was an active member of the Yale Russian Chorus while an undergraduate and law student, and remains active in the alumni of the Yale Russian Chorus. He clerked for Judge Stephen Williams on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.
• Cole Porter (1891–1964) majored in English, minored in music, and also studied French. He was a member of Scroll and Key and Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity, and contributed to campus humor magazine The Yale Record. He was an early member of the Whiffenpoofs a cappella singing group and participated in several other music clubs; in his senior year, he was elected president of the Yale Glee Club and was its principal soloist.
• Paul Rudolph (1918-1997) was the Chair of Yale University's Department of Architecture for six years (1958-1964). His most famous work is the Yale Art and Architecture Building (A&A Building), a spatially complex brutalist concrete structure.
• Thomas Schippers (1930–1977) went on to Yale University, where he had some lessons in composition with Paul Hindemith.
• Norman St John-Stevas (1929-2012) obtained a PhD degree from the University of London and a JSD degree from Yale University. He was a fellowship at Yale Law School (1958).
• John William Sterling (1844–1918) graduated with a B.A. in 1864 and was a member of Skull and Bones and president of Brothers in Unity during his senior year. He graduated from Columbia Law School as the valedictorian of the class of 1867 and was admitted to the bar in that year. He obtained an M.A. degree in 1874. He became a corporate lawyer in New York City, and helped found the law firm of Shearman & Sterling in 1871, a firm that represented Jay Gould, Henry Ford, the Rockefeller family, and Standard Oil. On his death in 1918, Sterling left a residuary estate of $15 million to Yale, at the time the "largest sum of money ever donated to an institution of higher learning in history"—equivalent to about $200 million in 2011 dollars. Sterling never married. In 2003, historian Jonathan Ned Katz uncovered evidence that Sterling lived for nearly fifty years in a same-sex intimate partnership with cotton broker James O. Bloss, who was 3 years younger and also a Yale man, class of 1875.
• Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979), Harvard professor and gardner designer, was drafted into the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1943 and after the war took a job teaching city planning at Yale. Enjoying the work, he did little further garden design, and reached the post of professor and chairman of the department of city planning. His publications in this area include articles such as America's super-cities and a number of books on city design in the U.S. Despite a previous long-term same-sex relationship with Gerald Schlesinger with whom he lived in England, Tunnard married Lydia Evans of Boston, Massachusetts in 1945. They had a son, Christopher. Tunnard died in New Haven in 1979. Tunnard and his wife are buried at Oak Grove Cemetery (Summer St, Plymouth, MA 02360), Plot: Oak Grove, Plot 562. In the nearby Vine Hills Cemetery (102 Samoset St, Plymouth, MA 02360) is buried Joseph Everett Chandler (1863–1946), Colonial Revival architect and pioneering designer of queer space.
• Donald Vining (1917–1998) was a student at West Chester University in Pennsylvania between 1937 and 1939, where he was active in local theater groups, before to his admission to the Yale School of Drama as a playwrighting major. Before World War II, a number of his plays were produced for the stage and for the WICC Radio "Listeners' Theatre", broadcast on the Yankee Network. His plays were subsequently published in such volumes as Yale Radio Plays and Plays For Players.
• Paula Vogel (born 1951) was Chair of the playwriting department at the Yale School of Drama.
• Thornton Wilder (1897–1975) earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1920, was member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, a literary society.

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
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House: The Greenwich Village townhouse explosion occurred on March 6, 1970, in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It was caused by the premature detonation of a bomb that was being assembled by members of the Weather Underground, an American radical left group. The bomb was under construction in the basement of 18 West 11th Street, when it accidentally exploded; the blast reduced the four-story townhouse to a burning, rubble-strewn ruin.

Address: W 11th St, New York, NY 10011, USA

Place
11th Street is in two parts. It is interrupted by the block containing Grace Church between Broadway and Fourth Avenue. East 11th streets runs from Fourth Avenue to Avenue C and runs past Webster Hall. West 11th Street runs from Broadway to West Street. 11th Street and 6th Avenue was the location of the Old Grapevine tavern from the 1700s to its demolition in the early XX century.

Notable queer residents at West 11th Street:
• No. 18, 10011: James Merrill (1926-1995) was born in New York City to Charles E. Merrill (1885-1956), the founding partner of the Merrill Lynch investment firm, and Hellen Ingram Merrill (1898-2000), a society reporter and publisher from Jacksonville, Florida. He was born at a residence which would become the site of the Greenwich Village townhouse explosion. The Greek Revival townhouse at 18 West 11th Street, located between Fifth Avenue and the Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), was originally built in 1845. In the 1920s the home belonged to Charles E. Merrill. In 1930 Merrill wrote a note to its subsequent owner, Broadway librettist Howard Dietz, wishing him joy in "the little house on heaven street." James Merrill, who spent his infancy and first few years in the house, lamented the bombing in a 1972 poem titled "18 West 11th Street":
“In what at least
Seemed anger the Aquarians in the basement
Had been perfecting a device
For making sense to us
If only briefly and on pain
Of incommunication ever after.
Now look who’s here. Our prodigal
Sunset. Just passing through from Isfahan.
Filled by him the glass
Disorients.”
Actor Dustin Hoffman and his wife Anne Byrne were living in the townhouse next door at the time of the explosion. He can be seen in the documentary “The Weather Underground” (2002), standing on the street during the aftermath of the explosion. After considerable debate by New York City’s Landmarks Preservation Commission, the home was rebuilt in 1978 in an angular, modernist style by renowned architect Hugh Hardy. (“It was this whole idea that a new building should express something new,” Hardy has said, adding, “we were deeper into diagonals at that point.”) The home was sold for $9,250,000 in December 2012. The new owner was revealed in 2014 to be Justin Korsant of Long Light Capital, who renovated the town house using the architecture firm H3, the successor to Hardy’s firm.
• No. 50, 10011: After marrying, Gerald Murphy (1888-1964) and Sara Wiborg (1883-1975) lived at 50 West 11th Street in New York City, where they had three children.
• No. 307, 10014: Jack Kerouac (1922-1969) revised “On the Road” here at his girlfriend Helen Weaver’s courtyard apartment. He also wrote part of “Desolation Angels,” which mentions this building and its "Dickensian windows." Felice Picano lived here from 1977-1993: “Pretty gay building. There was a courtyard in the front with a big English Plane tree in the middle. Across the street is another literary landmark, The White Horse Tavern. That is the building I wrote about in “True Stories Too, The Federalist”.” --Felice Picano. Now owned by photographer Annie Leibowitz (born 1949), her renovation is creating controversy.
• No. 360, 10014: Julian Schnabel (born 1951) resides at 360 West 11th Street, in a former West Village horse stable that he purchased and converted for residential use, adding five luxury condominiums in the style of a Northern Italian palazzo. It is named the Palazzo Chupi and it’s easy to spot because it is painted pink. The building is controversial in its Greenwich Village neighborhood because it was built taller than a rezoning, happening at the same time as the construction began, allowed. Neighbors also alleged illegal work done on the site. The Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation and allies called on the city for stricter enforcement, but Schnabel’s home eventually rose to the 167 feet he desired, rather than the new 75-foot limit imposed by the Far West Village downzoning of 2005. Until his death, Lou Reed lived across the street from Schnabel, who considered him his best friend. Schnabel is the director of “Basquiat” (1996), biopic of queer artist Jean‑Michel Basquiat (1960-1988) and of “Before Night Falls” (2000), biopic of queer Cuban poet, novelist, and playwright Reinaldo Arenas (1943-1990)

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
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ISBN-10: 1544066589
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House: The Murphys purchased a villa in Cap d’Antibes and named it Villa America; they resided there for many years. When the Murphys arrived on the Riviera, lying on the beach merely to enjoy the sun was not a common activity. Occasionally, someone would go swimming, but the joys of being at the beach just for sun were still unknown at the time. The Murphys, with their long forays and picnics at La Garoupe, introduced sunbathing on the beach as a fashionable activity.

Address: 112 Chemin des Mougins, 06160 Antibes, France (43.55932, 7.12715)

Place
After vacationing with Cole Porter at Château de la Garoupe the glamorous and wealthy American expats Gerald Murphy, scion of the family owned leather goods empire Mark Cross, and his wife Sara ensconced themselves in their own vacation home, Villa America, in 1922. Famous for their unique brand of style and sophistication they became famous for entertaining modern artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Jean Cocteau, and the literary world of Dorothy Parker, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway, creating the French Riviera’s first artists’ enclave. Gerald Murphy modified a modest chalet with a pitched roof into an Art Deco variation on a Mediterranean theme incorporating a flat roof for sunning – perhaps the first of its kind on the Riviera. Gerald, an artist in his own right, created a gouache for Villa America. The interiors were strikingly spare and crisp, with waxed black tile floors, white walls, black satin slip covers, fireplaces framed in mirror, and shots of pink and purple. Not the sort of decor one usually associates with beach-side living. The French Riviera was, and is, a completely different scene, with its own set of traditions and aesthetics.

Life
Who: Gerald Clery Murphy (March 25, 1888 – October 17, 1964) and Sara Sherman Wiborg (November 7, 1883 – October 10, 1975)
Prior to the arrival on the French Riviera of the Murphys, the region was experiencing a period when the fashionable only wintered there, abandoning the region during the high summer months. However, the activities of the Murphys fueled the same renaissance in arts and letters as did the excitement of Paris, especially among the cafés of Montparnasse. In 1923 the Murphys convinced the Hotel du Cap to stay open for the summer so that they might entertain their friends, sparking a new era for the French Riviera as a summer haven.

Queer Places, Vol. 3.1: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
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House: Rue des Grands Augustins is a street in Saint-Germain-des-Prés in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, France.

Address: 23 Quai des Grands Augustins, 75006 Paris, France (48.85427, 2.34317)
Place
In 1921, Alice De Lamar bought a ground-floor apartment in Paris from Gerald and Sarah Murphy at 23 Quai des Grands Augustins (or 1 rue Git-le-Cœur), along the Left Bank of the Seine. Alice De Lamar knew Gerald’s sister, Esther, at the Spence School and remained close to her.

Life
Who: Gerald Clery Murphy (March 25, 1888 – October 17, 1964) and Sara Sherman Wiborg (November 7, 1883 – October 10, 1975)
Gerald and Sara Murphy are often referred to as the “Golden Couple” of the Lost Generation of American ex-patriates in France in the 1920s. Both were rich, talented, and good-looking. They fled the stuffy confines of New York City society and reinvented themselves in France, becoming legendary party givers, friends of Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Picasso, and many others. Fitzgerald based the Dick and Nicole Diver characters in “Tender is the Night” on the Murphys.

Queer Places, Vol. 3.1: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World
ISBN-13: 978-1532906695 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1532906692
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House: Frank Bestow Wiborg, was a self-made millionaire by the age of 40. The family spent most of their time in New York City and, later, East Hampton, where they built the 30-room mansion "The Dunes" on 600 acres just west of the Maidstone Club in 1912. It was the largest estate in East Hampton up to that time. Wiborg Beach in East Hampton is named for the family.

Address: Hwy Behind the Pond, East Hampton, NY 11937, USA (40.94874, -72.17874)
Phone: +1 631-324-4150
Website: www.easthamptonvillage.org

Place
Gerald and Sara Murphy’s romance started and ended in the Hamptons, where her self-made-millionaire father owned 600 acres—property that would be worth well over $1 billion today. At the beginning of the XX century, 16-year-old Gerald Murphy met beautiful 20-year-old Sara Wiborg at a party in East Hampton. Sara’s father, Frank B. Wiborg, who’d made his fortune selling printing ink in Cincinnati, built the Dunes, the largest house in East Hampton at the time, with 30 rooms and grounds that included Italianate sunken gardens, stables, a working dairy, and separate servants’ quarters. By the time the Dunes was finished in 1910, he was down to the mere 80 acres, a parcel that’s now covered by multimillion-dollar mansions, golf courses and other markers of Hamptons status crammed onto some of the world’s most valuable real estate. Gerald and Sara married in 1915, eleven years after that party, and became the kind of couple that seems invented for fiction: worldly, artistic, bohemian, glamorous. Years later, their friend F. Scott Fitzgerald would use them as the model for Dick and Nicole Driver in “Tender Is the Night.” They spent the twenties living on the French Riviera with their three children. They bought a house in Cap d’Antibes, remodeled it, and named it Villa America. Gerald painted and exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Independents in 1925, and had a posthumous retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in 1974, and the couple entertained their luminary friends: Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Jean Cocteau, Cole Porter. But in 1933, when Europe began to roil and their son Patrick was diagnosed with tuberculosis, they came back to the U.S. and Gerald ran the leather-goods company Mark Cross, which his father had founded. Though it seemed golden-hued, the Murphys’ life was far from perfect. Both their sons died before adulthood: Baoth, the elder, in 1935, from meningitis, then Patrick, two years later, to tuberculosis. After their deaths, their daughter, Honoria, became their sole heir. The legendary 600 acres had already shrunk by 1910, and when Gerald and Sara moved there in the thirties, they began to sell off parcels. The enormous, financially burdensome Dunes was demolished in 1941 when the Murphys couldn’t find a buyer or renter. Sara and Gerald took up residence in the dairy barn, renovated it and named it Swan Cove. “I remember home movies where Grandma and Grandpa were bundled up in coats and Dos Passos and Bob Benchley were popping out of the big urns at Swan Cove,” recalls their granddaughter Laura Donnelly. In 1959, Sara and Gerald built a house they called the Little Hut next to the servants’ quarters and garage, which Honoria renovated and dubbed the Pink House; it was where her children spent their summers. “I remember seeing the Léger in the living room,” Donnelly says of the many treasures on the walls of the Little Hut. There were other, more down-to-earth charms, like the antique hand-carved farm tools that Gerald collected and displayed, or the mirror that he framed with rope and hung in the front hallway. Gerald died in the Little Hut in 1964, courtly to the last; his final words to his wife and daughter were “Smelling salts for the ladies.” Today, the Murphy legacy lives on with his grandchildren, who still own the last remnants of the great Wiborg property.

Life
Who: Gerald Clery Murphy (March 25, 1888 – October 17, 1964) and Sara Sherman Wiborg (November 7, 1883 – October 10, 1975)
Gerald Clery Murphy and Sara Sherman Wiborg were wealthy, expatriate Americans who moved to the French Riviera in the early XX century and who, with their generous hospitality and flair for parties, created a vibrant social circle, particularly in the 1920s, that included a great number of artists and writers of the Lost Generation. Gerald had a brief but significant career as a painter. In 1921 the Murphys moved to Paris to escape the strictures of New York and their families’ mutual dissatisfaction with their marriage. In Paris Gerald took up painting, and they began to make the acquaintances for which they became famous. Eventually they moved to the French Riviera, where they became the center of a large circle of artists and writers of later fame, especially Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, John Dos Passos, Fernand Léger, Jean Cocteau, Pablo Picasso, Archibald MacLeish, John O’Hara, Cole Porter, Dorothy Parker and Robert Benchley. Gerald died October 17, 1964 in East Hampton, two days after his friend Cole Porter. Sara died on October 10, 1975 in Arlington, Virginia. Gerald and Sara are both buried at South End Cemetery (34 James Ln, East Hampton, NY 11937).

Queer Places, Vol. 1.2: Retracing the Steps of LGBTQ people around the World Authored by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1544066585 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
ISBN-10: 1544066589
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