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Paul Chalfin was an artist and interior designer with an interest in architecture, most known for his work on Villa Vizcaya.
Born: November 2, 1874, New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 16, 1959, Clifton, New Jersey, United States
Education: Harvard University
Buried: Mount Hebron Cemetery, Upper Montclair, Essex County, New Jersey, USA, GPS (lat/lon): 40.8536, -74.19783
Find A Grave Memorial# 161267748
Structures: Villa Vizcaya
People also search for: James Deering, Diego Suarez, F. Burrall Hoffman

James Deering was a socialite and an antiquities collector; he was an executive in the family Deering Harvester Company and subsequent International Harvester. He is known for his landmark Vizcaya estate, where he was an early 20th century resident on Biscayne Bay, in the present day Coconut Grove district of Miami, Florida. Begun in 1910, with architecture and gardens in a Mediterranean Revival style, Vizcaya was his passionate endeavor with artist Paul Chalfin, and his winter home from 1916 to his death in 1925. While staying at Vizcaya, John Singer Sargent painted a series of watercolors of male nudes, using the African-American workers on the premises as models. Many speculate James Deering to have had a relationship with Sargent, a life-long bachelor. James Deering died in September 1925, on board the steamship SS City of Paris en route back to the United States. Despite high praise for his work on Villa Vizcaya, Chalfin never worked on another mansion; he decorated the apartment of actress Lillian Gish, friend of James Deering. Chalfin died on February 15, 1959 at the age of 84 in a nursing home in Upper Montclair, New Jersey.
Together from 1910 to 1925: 15 years.
James Deering (November 12, 1859 – September 21, 1925)
Paul Chalfin (November 2, 1874 - February 15, 1959)



Days of Love edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1500563325
ISBN-10: 1500563323
Release Date: September 21, 2014
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/4910282
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500563323/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00MZG0VHY/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

Villa Vizcaya, now named the Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, is the former villa and estate of businessman James Deering, of the Deering McCormick-International Harvester fortune, on Biscayne Bay in the present day Coconut Grove neighborhood of Miami, Florida.
Address: 3251 S Miami Ave, Miami, FL 33129, USA (25.74438, -80.21047)
Type: Museum (open to publich)
Hours: Monday through Sunday 9.30-16.30
National Register of Historic Places: 70000181, 1970. Also National Historic Landmarks.
Place
Built in 1916, Design by F. Burrall Hoffman (1882-1980), Interior Design Paul Chalfin (1874-1959), Landscape Design by Diego Suarez (1888-1974)
The early XX century Vizcaya estate also includes: extensive Italian Renaissance gardens; native woodland landscape; and a historic village outbuildings compound. The landscape and architecture were influenced by Veneto and Tuscan Italian Renaissance models and designed in the Mediterranean Revival architecture style, with Baroque elements. Paul Chalfin, a former art curator, painter, and interior designer, was the project’s director. He assisted and encouraged Deering to collect art items, antiquities, and architectural elements for the project. Chalfin recommended the architect F. Burrall Hoffman to design the structural and envelope of the villa, garden pavilions, and estate outbuildings. The landscape master plan and individual gardens were designed with the Colombian landscape designer Diego Suarez, who had trained with Sir Harold Acton at the gardens of Villa La Pietra outside Florence, Italy. Vizcaya’s villa exterior and garden architecture is a composite of different Italian Renaissance villas and gardens, with French Renaissance parterre features, based on visits and research by Chalfin, Deering, and Hoffman. The villa facade’s primary influence is the Villa Rezzonico designed by Baldassarre Longhena at Bassano del Grappa in the Veneto region of northern Italy. It is referred to sometimes as the "Hearst Castle of the East.” James Deering died in September, 1925, on board the steamship SS City of Paris en route back to the United States. After his death Vizcaya was inherited by his two nieces, Marion Chauncey Deering McCormick and Ely Deering McCormick Danielson. Over the decades, after hurricanes and increasing maintenance costs, they began selling the estate’s surrounding land parcels and outer gardens. In 1945 they sold significant portions of the Vizcaya property to the Catholic Diocese of St. Augustine, Florida, to build Miami’s Mercy Hospital. In 1952 Miami-Dade County acquired the villa and formal Italian gardens, needing significant restoration, for $1 million. Deering’s heirs donated the villa’s furnishings and antiquities to the County-Museum. Vizcaya began operation in 1953 as the Dade County Art Museum.
Life
Who: James Deering (November 12, 1859 – September 21, 1925)
James Deering was an industrial executive in the family Deering Harvester Company and subsequent International Harvester, a socialite, and an antiquities collector. Begun in 1910, with architecture and gardens in a Mediterranean Revival style, Vizcaya was his passionate endeavor with artist Paul Chalfin (1874-1959), and his winter home from 1916 to his death in 1925. Paul Chalfin had attended Harvard, trained as a painter at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and was an associate of renowned decorator Elsie de Wolfe. She introduced Chalfin to Deering for the interiors of his Chicago home in 1910. In 1910, Chalfin and Deering traveled through Europe together for the first trip of many over the years, in part to collect ideas and begin acquiring art, antiquities, and furnishings for the new Florida estate. The culmination of their shared effort and lasting memorial to their creative relationship is Villa Vizcaya, the Miami estate created between 1914 and 1923. Among James Deering’s closest friends were painter Gari Melchers and his wife Corinne. Through his brother Charles, also a patron of the arts and collector, he had friendships with the painters John Singer Sargent and Anders Zorn. Sargent visited Vizcaya in Mar. 1917 and produced a series of watercolors of the estate, as well as portrait of James and male nudes of the African-American workers there. After the extensive gardens were completed in 1923, Deering’s health began to weaken. Nonetheless, he traveled and entertained guests, including the silent film stars Lillian Gish and Marion Davies. James Deering died aboard the steamship SS City of Paris. His body was brought to Chicago for burial at the family plot in Graceland Cemetery.



Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532901909/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
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Paul Chalfin (1874-1959) was an artist and interior designer with an interest in architecture, most known for his work on Villa Vizcaya. Paul Chalfin, while living at Vizcaya, maintained a homosexual relationship with Louis Koons, in the mid-1910s and early 1920s. In 1940 Chalfin retired due to failing eyesight. Paul Chalfin died on February 15, 1959 at the age of 84 in a nursing home in Upper Montclair, New Jersey, and is buried at Mount Hebron Cemetery (851 Valley Rd, Montclair, NJ 07042).



Queer Places, Vol. 1 edited by Elisa Rolle
ISBN-13: 978-1532901904
ISBN-10: 1532901909
Release Date: July 24, 2016
CreateSpace Store: https://www.createspace.com/6228297
Amazon (print): http://www.amazon.com/dp/1532901909/?tag=elimyrevandra-20
Amazon (kindle): http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01IZ1BU9K/?tag=elimyrevandra-20

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